This history of ideas is perhaps the most stimulating of intellectual topics.At least to me.The pedigree of an idea tells us something of its validity—its authority, as it were.I have been reading about the early days of science.(Even the idea that science is modern is a mistaken concept; the earliest tool-makers were in some sense scientists.) A book I was reading made the point that in the Renaissance, magic was a proper competitor to science.Magic was sophisticated, based on much of what we would now call “science”—the belief was that the connections between an interconnected universe were hidden.All things were tied together, nevertheless.This presages not only the concept of evolution but modern cosmology as well.The more I thought of this, the more it occurred to me that oppositional thinking, in some sense, dooms the possibilities of finding the truth.
Quantum mechanics, which I understand only on a lay level, has been puzzling over entanglement for some years now.Entanglement was characterized by Einstein’s phrase “spooky action at a distance.”Still, experiments have show that particles that have no way of “knowing” what each other are doing, are nevertheless connected.That connection is nothing physical, nothing material.Indeed, it makes materialists quite nervous.The inert world of quanta should show no tendency towards “will” or “intention” at all.So we call it something else—entanglement.As I read about Renaissance magic, I realized that it was suggesting just this.Of course, they had no means of observing what particle accelerators, such as that at CERN, reveal.Their “science,” however, successfully predicted it.Were it not for the history of ideas we could let materialists think they’ve discovered something new.Historically, though, they haven’t.(I’m not suggesting that quantum mechanics work on the macro level, but I’m observing that magic supposed some kind of entanglement existed.)
This is some kind of entanglement!
Often I have made bold to challenge Occam.I wear a beard for a reason.One size does not fit all in the entangled universe.Some consider the exploration of spiritual aspects of life to be a waste of time.Look at any university pay scales and be so bold as to differ.The funny thing is, science is only now beginning to catch up with what we historically have called magic.There seem to be multiple explanations to the behavior of the material world instead of a single one.Once an idea becomes orthodoxy it becomes dangerous.Reason is very, very important.But reason sometimes get entangled in a world only revealed in the history of ideas.
You have to love skeptics.Really.Like most people who’ve spent many years attaining a doctorate, I’m naturally skeptical about many things.One thing that I only temporarily lost (between about 1991 and ’99, if I recall) was an open mind.That is to say, I discounted many things out of hand because people with doctorates don’t countenance such things.I eventually realized the folly of academic arrogance and went back to considering things by actual evidence.The results were interesting.In order to help with my Ed and Lorraine Warren dilemma, I decided to read The Science of Ghosts by Joe Nickell.It’s hard not to like Nickell.He was a stage magician and eventually earned a doctorate in folklore.He then made a career out of being a paranormal investigator.
He begins his book by claiming to have an open mind about ghosts.Very quickly, however, a skeptical reader with an open mind notices his magician’s tricks.He’s very good at misdirection.While putatively not debunking (but actually debunking) ghostly encounters, he time and again comes to the states of consciousness when individual super-impose images from theunconscious mind onto what they’re seeing: when falling asleep, in the middle of the night, when waking up, when doing routine chores, when concentrating, when working.That about covers over 90 percent of human time.During these periods we’re likely to mistake what’s not really there for what is.It could explain much of the driving I’ve witnessed in New Jersey, if not ghosts.And he also picks straw men (and women) to knock over (pardon the violent metaphor).Accounts by the credulous are his favorites to explain away.
What we really need is a middle ground between credulousness and a skepticism that can’t be convinced even by evidence.Yes, ghost hunters use ridiculous methods for claiming “proof.”Yes, some credible people legitimately see incredible things.Nickell never deviates from his definition of ghosts as a form of energy left by the departed.Nobody knows for sure what ghosts are, of course.If they did there’d be little mystery about them.Although Nickell claims openmindedness, he states at several points that at death brain activity ceases therefore nothing can think, walk, or talk afterward.As any experimentalist knows, the results reflect the way an experiment is set up.If the assumption is that there can’t be ghosts, there won’t be ghosts.To get to the truth of the matter something between credulousness and biased skepticism must be brought to the table to see if it really tips.Skeptics are fun, but an actual conversation might be more fruitful.
In keeping with my recent theme of jobs you never knew you could have, I recently read a story a friend sent me from The Vintage News.The story concerns a spiritual counselor who is planning to marry a ghost.I didn’t know that spiritual counselor was an available job.You see, I had taken enough psychology courses in college that I could’ve had it as a minor, but I didn’t declare it.At the time I was destined, or so I thought, for a career in ministry and psychology seemed a good subject to assist with that.Also, I naturally tend to try to figure out what motivates people.Like most career options, not having a science background prevented me from pursuing psychology as a fall-back career.But spiritual counselor?
The woman in the story lives in the United Kingdom.Here in the United States, where unhappy people seek any opportunity they can find to sue someone, having a job as a spiritual counselor probably involves ordination.Even if you’re ordained, as I learned from long years both attending and teaching in seminaries, you always refer those who come to you to a licensed psychologist.Clergy can easily be sued for providing bad advice.That’s why the counselor part of this job seems so odd to me.That, and the woman the story features is only 27.I suppose that’s time enough to finish a doctorate, for the truly ambitious, but apparently she doesn’t have a terminal degree.Just a post-terminal lover.
Also, I learned that spectrophilia is a condition with a name.The idea of intimacy with spirits is nothing new, of course.The ancient idea of incubi and succubi reflect this concept, and a number of the stories in the Ed and Lorraine Warren oeuvre include sexual attacks by demons or ghosts.What’s different here is that the young woman wants to marry a spirit she can’t see.Unlike most such reputed cases of spectrophilia, she claims spirits are superior to physical lovers.Despite the oddities that make such a story newsworthy (in a sense) a potentially important point could emerge from all of this.Love is not a physical phenomenon.We all know it when we feel it.I suspect that other such feelings, like finding the perfect job that matches your skills and interests, are likewise intangible.The problem is finding out that such jobs even exist.
The thing about reading is that it’s a lifestyle.I record books both here and on Goodreads, but I read a lot more than books.Although I don’t have much time for magazines or even newspapers, I read a lot on the web.And billboards.And sidewalks.I’m quite content doing it.One thing I’ve noticed in all this reading is that fiction writers tend to be more often cited as experts and intellectuals than do non-fiction writers.Oh the non-fic practitioners get their footnotes, and other specialists mention them, but fiction writers get analyzed, probed, and explored.Literary types wonder what they meant by some obscure doggerel they wrote.When’s the last time a non-fiction writer drew that kind of attention?It makes me wonder about all the time I’ve been spending on non-fiction lately.
I suffer from graphomania.There’s no cure.The other day I went looking for an old, pre-electric typewriter to get my fix in case the power goes out.I have notebooks, zibaldones, commonplace books.I carry one in my pocket.I have one on my bedside stand.And the thing I’ve noticed is that the ideas that come to me unbidden are often fictional.You see, I have a hidden life as a fiction writer.That persona is very poor since he’s never made any money from his writing.He was nominated for a Pushcart Prize some years ago, but he never won.That fiction writer has been suffering cabin fever because I’ve been finding publishers for my non-fiction work.I wonder, however, if maybe I shouldn’t be spending my time on fiction.It’ll never get me to the point I can make a living on it, but it might get quoted after I’m gone.
Writing, after all, is a stab at immortality.Those of us who do it are legacy builders.Even as the web has moved us more and more toward visual, iconic forms of entertainment, it has still left a few dusty corners for the written word.When I pass the sometimes impressive graffiti on the way into New York I think I know what the vandals are feeling. We’re kindred spirits. We don’t want to be forgotten.Whether with spray can, fingers on a keyboard, or fountain pen (or maybe even an old-fashioned typewriter) we are trying to say, “I was here.”I used to print out all my blog posts in case the web failed.It grew to thousands of pages.I had to stop.I was beginning to act like a fictional character.
Jeffrey Burton Russell is one of the clearest thinkers I’ve ever read.I first encountered him in my background reading for Holy Horror, and have subsequently tracked down his books on the history of evil.In what is a dangerous move for a scholar, Russell admits in TheDevil that he believes in some kind of personified evil.Except for religion scholars employed in seminaries, such thoughts are generally kept carefully guarded as academia has followed the materialist paradigm since it boldly declared that there’s no other way to know the world.Russell’s intellect penetrates through that posturing and logically lays out what can or can’t be known based on empirical evidence.And in Mephistopheles: The Devil in the Modern World, he concludes his historical sweep of an idea as old as civilization itself.
This is a wide-ranging book.The previous three covered long periods as well: antiquity through the Hebrew Bible, New Testament through late antiquity, and the Medieval Period.Mephistopheles has to cover from the Reformation through the present of the latter 20th century (when it was written).Finding evil in the modern world is arguably way too easy.Since 2016 it has become more fashionable to the point that an entire political party can laud it.Russell writes with the strong conviction that love and the will to goodness can overcome the tendencies of humans to allow hatred, fear, and prejudice to rule.What seems to be lacking, some three decades on, is the will.We have given in to our cynicism and elected the worst of our inclinations.
In William Friedkin’s documentary The Devil and Father Amorth, Russell, looking depressed, is interviewed about the reality of demons.His advice is to look for the good instead.Nevertheless, having spent years of his life researching how evil appears and reappears, his own fascination demonstrates why we return to the subject time and again.The world hasn’t righted itself.His books indicate that there is a way, but we continue to ignore that way, preferring instead to follow the loudest of mouths rather than the warmest of hearts.Some would personify this into Mephistopheles, the modern, entertaining aspect of the Devil.Others would claim it’s merely a metaphor.No matter which may be the case there’s no denying that evil exists.And if it exists it behooves us to know about it.And once we learn its identity we must name it.
I take good care of books.It’s my personal goal that after I’ve read a book you won’t be able to tell.I used to mark books up, but it occurred to me that I want the books to outlast me and if someone else is to get the full benefit of them I shouldn’t be doing such scribbling.Of course, when a book has to commute with you there’s bound to be some scuffing from being put into a briefcase along with other necessities.On the days I don’t commute, I try to replicate bus time for reading.I curl up in a chair with my book and a cup of coffee to warm my fingers, and read.The other day as I did this, a drop of coffee made its way from my mug onto the open page.I was aghast.
Reading a marred book page is eternally distracting.My eye is immediately drawn to the imperfection and I sometimes can’t even make sense of the sentence in which the blemish occurs.Not because I can’t read it, but because I can’t get beyond the hurt.Coffee rings are chic, I know, on the cover of a book or a notebook page.It’s one of the truest clichés of the literary crowd.Coffee and a good book.Not coffee in a good book!I tried to get back into the flow of the narrative.My eye kept wandering back to the spot I’d unintentionally marred—I’d violated my own principles.Unintentionally of course—this isn’t Starbucks where the heat is set at a reasonable level and you don’t have to scrunch up to keep warm.But still.But still.
After many minutes of feeling like I’d shot a friend, I managed to move on.I kept turning back to my coffee page to see if the damage was as distracting as I thought it was.After work that night when I picked my book up again—commuting is a twice a day activity—I turned back to the damaged page and frowned.Books are, to some of us, friends.I want to treat them right.I line them up in order on their shelves, knowing just where to find them when I need them again.One careless drop of coffee had taken its eternal toll on an innocent tome.I realize this world lacks perfection; I’m not naive.Still, this book, which wasn’t cheap, now bears a scar that I dealt it.Will I ever comprehend what that one page says? I hope my silent friend will forgive.
One of the most difficult things in modern life is to keep up with all the new jobs available.That’s not to suggest that unemployment isn’t a real problem—it is—but that the game has changed since the days I went to the guidance counselors’ office and thumbed through the box of microfiche to learn about potential colleges.(And what strange people the guidance counselors were!)Since 1981, when I graduated from Oil City High School, the Internet has been invented and has changed employment forever.I understand that making YouTube videos can now be a full-time job, with benefits.Who knew?So when I was kindly presented with a copy of Christopher Skaife’s The Ravenmaster: My Life with the Ravens at the Tower of London I wasn’t too surprised to learn that there is such a job.
Delightfully written, The Ravenmaster goes into the ins and outs of life in what is a ceremonial job.That the Brits are fond of tradition is no secret, and this little book is so full of them that it becomes a delightful gallimaufry that includes, I kid you not, dog biscuits marinated in blood.Although Skaife takes you on a few detours through his own life, the book is mainly about ravens.We’re so used to materialists telling us that everything is simply cause and effect of neurons firing that I wonder how they might react to the obvious intelligence and personalities of ravens.Reading about their antics as well as their wisdom it’s difficult not to surmise that consciousness isn’t a purely human preserve.With the ravens and the wolves we are a piece.
Intelligence is more common in the animal world than in the White House these days, and this book may help to show why.Ravens can plot, plan, and be cruel.They can also be kind, compassionate, and friends.I’ve long had a fascination with corvids, and I tried to befriend some before moving out of New Jersey.It was a bit tricky with the strictures of my own Tower of London—the commute, the bus, the job—and so my friendship with the local crows in the back yard of our apartment remained strictly casual.We lose so much by not paying attention to the natural world of which we are, increasingly, so unnatural a part.When humanity disappoints and the ridiculousness of human behavior haunts, I recommend reaching for The Ravenmaster.It’s comforting to know that real minds exist out there in the wild.