It lied to me.My computer.Don’t get me wrong; I know all about trying to save face.I also know my laptop pretty well by now.It was running slow, taking lots of time to think over fairly simple requests.A lull in my frantic mental activity led to the opportunity for me to initiate a reboot.When it winked open its electronic eye my screen told me it had restarted to install an update.Untrue.I had told it to restart.I gave the shutdown order to help with the obvious sluggishness that suggested to this Luddite brain of mine that my silicon friend was working on an update.There’s no arguing with it, however.In its mechanical mind, it decide to do the restart itself.I was merely a bystander.
Technology and I argue often.Like JC says, though, authority always wins.I should know my place by now.I’ve read enough about neuroscience (with thanks to those who write for a general audience) to know that this is incredibly human behavior.We are creatures of story, and if our brains can’t figure out why we’ve done something they will make up an answer.We have trouble believing that we just don’t know.I suppose that will always be a difference between artificial intelligence and the real thing.Our way of thinking is often pseudo-rational.We evolved to get by but machines have been designed intelligently.That often makes me wonder about the “intelligent design” crowd—they admit evolution, but with God driving it.Why’d our brains, in such circumstances, evolve the capacity for story instead of for fact?
As my regular readers know, I enjoy fiction.Fiction is the epitome of the story-crafting art.Some analysts suggest our entire mental process involves construing the story of ourselves.Those who articulate it well are rewarded with the sobriquet of “author.”The rest of us, however, aren’t exactly amateurs either.Our brains are making up reasons for what we do, even when we do irrational things (perhaps like reading this blog sometimes).Stories give our lives a sense of continuity, of history.What originally developed as a way of remembering important facts—good food sources, places to avoid because predators lurk there—became histories.Stories.And when the facts don’t align, we interpolate.It seems that my laptop was doing the same thing.Perhaps it’s time to reboot.
Perhaps it’s from growing up as a biblical literalist, but I’ll probably always have problems with post-modernism.You see, when you’re taught as a kid that there is one absolute right and you already know it (it’s Genesis to Revelation, no Apocrypha, please), you kind of get the idea that things are just what they seem.Po-mo teaches, among other things, that there’s no true objectivity—reality is subjective and there is no neutral ground upon which to stand.I’m down with that, but the old ways of looking at things remain.This is a long-winded way of saying I finished Kohta Hirano’s ten-volume manga, Hellsing.Over the past year I’ve been reading for a friend of mine, but manga has never really been my thing.I read The Watchmen as a graphic novel, but looking at pictures somehow feels like cheating.It’s that literalist thing again.
I might be dropping some spoilers here, so if you’re even slower than me be warned.There’s quite a bit of shape-shifting here and it’s not always easy to tell who’s who.In a kind of homage to my childhood monsters there’s vampires, werewolves, and even a Frankenstein’s monster in the series.All of them are engaged in a constant state of combat against which the Protestant Hellsing organization stands for a stable civilization.The Catholics are associated with Nazis along the way.It’s a fascinating look at how an eastern culture might view the religious wars of those in the west who all go by the name “Christian.”I think this is the genius of the series.The friend who lent me the volumes has no declared faith, but he finds the dynamic fascinating.Real religious fighting has made it easy for him.
The story, however, falls clearly into the generation of those without absolutes.For someone my age a plot clearly laid out is a thing of beauty.In college we used to argue about how absolutes might exist.Where did they come from, and which is the strongest?Did God make them or does God have to conform to them?Even without the answers, the fact that absolutes existed was assumed.Argument-driven science tells us that a theory is never proven.Science is the best explanation we have at the moment, based on the evidence amassed.In its own way, it has become post-modern.Hellsing is a kind of mind-blowing work.It will likely be a long time before I attempt another manga series.Although I accept the po-mo premise, I still find old-fashioned fiction my favorite.
Like many fans of the X-Files and the early years of Sleepy Hollow, I’ve fallen into the Stranger Things orbit.While I don’t have a Netflix account, I have friends who do and they got me hooked.If you’ve watched it you’ll know why, and if you haven’t I’ll try not to give too many spoilers away.The reason I raise it now, when we’ve gone such a long time without a new season, is that Stranger Things 2 took on shades of The Exorcist, but without any of the attendant religion.Secular exorcists do exist, and possession is a feature of cultures with all different kinds of belief systems.Exorcism works based on the belief system of the possessed, it seems, and if there’s no religion there’s no problem—call a secularcist!
Spoiler alert: Will is possessed by the mind flayer.As the authorities flail around and get eaten by demidogs, his mother figures out how the exorcism has to work.The thing about possession is that nobody really knows what demons are.Dungeons and Dragons, which I confess I’ve never played—my life is too complicated already, thank you—gives the analogy for the possessing entity.No matter what the demon, however, the only way to get it out is through exorcism.Quite apart from sci-fi and fantasy, this is also the case in real life.Part of the appeal to Stranger Things, I suspect, is that it indulges in the mysterious without the burden of religion.While religion makes for good horror, good horror may exist without it. Or can it?
Contrast this with Sleepy Hollow, now defunct.Possession was a trope there as well, but the story had obvious elements of religion embedded in it.As I point out in Holy Horror, religion often drives the fear.That doesn’t mean it’s the only driver.People fear being taken over by something else.Stranger Things knows that if nobody can really figure out what that something else is, it can be scarier still.We know it comes from the upside down.We know it can possess people.And we learn that it can be exorcised.Although the setting is completely secular, there are elements of religious thinking even here.It’s simply part of the human psyche.We can deny it exists.We can try to describe it only by analogy.We can try to exorcise it.It is there nevertheless, even as we eagerly await the advent of the third season.
All of us fall prey to the green-eyed monster once in a while.For an editor like me, it starts lurking when I see others make content production look so easy by taking copyrighted material from elsewhere.I’ve read books—often self published—that take great swaths of material under copyright and reuse it with no permissions acknowledged.You can build big books that way.Quickly.And there are websites that usecrisp, clean images that look more immaculate that any kitchen counter.Often those images, however, come from sources “protected” by copyright.With a web this large, who’s going to find them?They’re not making money off them (usually) so what’s the harm?My jealousy, I suppose, comes from working in publishing where copyright is a daily concern.It’s the currency in which we peddle.
Copyright isn’t intended to make websites like this one look lackluster.No, it’s intended to protect the intellectual property, or visual or auditory inspiration, or the creator.It’s a remarkable idea, really.If I have an idea, it’s mine.Once I express it in written, aural, or visual form, it is covered by copyright. (We haven’t figured out a way to regulate original smells and tastes yet, beyond protecting their recipes.)Putatively copyright is to protect the creator’s rights.In fact, it tends to impact the publisher more.This week at work I had to spend some time, once again, reviewing copyright law.One thing most authors don’t comprehend is that a book contract is a negotiation for trading rights for royalties—turning ideas into money.Even intangibles can be purchased.Intellectual property can have a fence around it.And a dog or two in the yard.
I try not to violate copyright.When I want to borrow my old published ideas in new venues, I rewrite them.When I want to use somebody else’s pictures on this blog I take them from public domain or fair use sources (thank you Wikimedia Commons!).A great number of them are my own thatI cast upon the web, hoping they will come back to me in time of need.With the exception of one guest post many years back, all the words on this blog (approaching a million-and-a-half, at this point) have made their way from my addled brain through my trembling fingers and onto the internet.Maybe I just want to protect my babies.Maybe some would call it jealousy.I like to think of it as a mother bear and her cubs. Or perhaps the spawn of a green-eyed monster.
The Pine Barrens of New Jersey strike the first-time visitor as eerily odd, even today.Stunted trees grow from sandy soil, crowded close together and growing hard up to the edge of the road.You can see the sky above, but dwarf trees of uniform height block your lateral views over any distance.It feels claustrophobic.Add to this tales of inhospitable residents and an actual profusion of tree-climbing lizards, and you’ve got the grounds for wondering what else might lurk in the deciduous woods.Brian Regal and Frank J. Esposito aren’t so easily frightened.Their fascinating book, The Secret History of the Jersey Devil: How Quakers, Hucksters, and Benjamin Franklin Created a Monster is a bit of a chimera on its own.The subtitle gives a pretty good idea of what you’ll find in the book.For someone who had lived in Jersey for a dozen years, and who loves monsters, it was a must-read.
Not to provide too many spoilers, Regal and Esposito spend some time in colonial New Jersey sketching the little that can be known of the rather prominent Daniel Leeds.Anyone from Jersey knows that its eponymous state demon is also known as the Leeds Devil.This particular family had good connections despite being Quakers—a capital crime in some parts of the British Empire.Daniel, however, had a falling out from the Friends and made his name by publishing an almanac.This almanac and the proximity of Philadelphia to the Barrens brings Benjamin Franklin into the story.Franklin competed with the Leeds almanac, and Poor Richard eventually won out in this war of the words.Demonized by their former Friends and gently satirized by Franklin, the Leeds family was eventually all but forgotten.Then stories began to emerge of a dragon-like monster in southern Jersey.
To get the details you’ll need to read the book.Particularly interesting for this blog is the way religion and monsters interplay.There’s a good bit of history of monsters in the story, including Quakers and early attempts among scientists to understand birth defects.The very word “monster” is, in its “word cloud,” related to ideas such as revelation and portents.Early scientists resorted to divine anger when they couldn’t explain what nature had wrought.And of course folklore is a very potent lubricant.There are some gaps in the story here, but this is an enchanting exploration of whence monsters might come.The Jersey Devil has international fame now, and its birth may have begun with insults flashed back and forth among religious believers that eventually were taken literally.The devil’s in these details.Or at least in the spooky topography of the Barrens.
Perhaps it’s from having a stubbornly blue collar, but snobbery has never appealed to me.While in seminary at Boston University, I applied for a transfer to Harvard Divinity School.In spite of being accepted, I stayed at my alma mater and paid the consequences.There’s a strange loyalty among the working class, you see.And now I’m finally seeing my former mistress, academia, taking a turn toward the lowly but worthy.The title of a recent article in the Chronicle of Higher Education says it all: “As Scholars Are Driven to Less Prestigious Journals, New Measures of Quality Emerge.”Hmm, why might that be?The industry mantra, “publish or perish” has grown more aggressive over the years and the number of publishers has decreased.Your academic net worth, it seems, can no longer be based on how elite you are.
People are funny that way.We’re very impressed by those paraded before us as successes—as if some kind of magic clings to those who are where we wish we were.In academia where you went to school matters more than what you’ve proven yourself capable of.If you attended the “best” schools your work will be accepted by the “best” journals and publishers.What rarified company you’ll keep!For the rest of us, well, we have the numbers.And blue collars aren’t afraid of hard work.Let the academic aristocracy enjoy its laurels.Laurels are poisonous, however, for those with an eye open for parables.
Primates, according to those who know them best, can see through pretense.I often wonder if our political chaos isn’t based on this simple fact of biology.As a priest I knew once told me, “We put our pants on one leg at a time too.”This didn’t prevent many postulants I knew from anticipating the day when they would be ontologically transformed.Priesting, I was informed, would make them better than the laity.Closer to God.Here it was, even among the clergy—the desire for prestige.Chimpanzees will take down an alpha who abuses his power.Nature has a set of balances.Tampering with them leads to, well, scholars being driven to less prestigious journals and the like.The net result, as the Chronicle suggests (if read one way), is that the last shall be first and the first last.Probably it’s the result of reading too much Bible in my formative years, but I’ve always appreciated parables.
Reading about demonic possession is enough to scare you away from ever using a ouija board.In fact, I’ve never played with one; growing up my strict religion would’ve prevented it in any case, and already as a child I’d been warned of the dangers.During my research for Nightmares with the Bible, I’ve been reading quite a bit about ouija.Originally a species of divination, the ouija, or spirit board, became popular during the growth of Spiritualism.Spiritualism is a religion based on the idea that the dead still communicate with the living, ensuring believers that life continues beyond death.It still exists, but not with the numbers that it boasted in the early days.Among the solemn admonitions of Ed and Lorraine Warren (about whom I’ve posted much in recent months) was that ouija boards opened doorways for demonic entities.Some of their stories are quite scary.
Image credit: Mijail0711, via Wikimedia Commons
Whatever else you can say about America, a fact beyond dispute is that if something can make a buck it will be marketed and sold.So it was with ouija boards in the 1970s.I remember seeing them on the shelf with other games at local department stores.Even then I knew they weren’t a toy and I wondered how anyone could be promoting them for general consumption.At Grove City College—that bastion of undergraduate conservatism—stories circulated about how students (usually coeds) were attacked in their locked rooms after playing with ouija boards.This is, I was later to learn, a staple of collegiate urban legends.At the time, however, I took it very seriously.
Thus it’s strange when I find out that others my age were more curious about them.Recently at a party with friends around Valentine’s Day, the question naturally came up of how some of us met our spouses.One of the women mentioned that before she’d met or even heard of her future husband (who has an unusual surname) a ouija board spelled out his name.She later met and married him, not on the board’s recommendation, but she remembered that years before she’d been given a hint.Now these friends are not cheats and liars—they’re not even Republicans.They’re people we trust.On our drive home that night my wife mentioned she’d used a ouija board once, with friends, back in her high school years.She asked the name of her spouse (long before we met) and came up with Sam.I’m no Sam, but when we first met in grad school I was still going by my stepfather’s surname and my initials were S-A-M. Coincidence?Probably.My future wife did not pursue me; indeed, it was the other way around.Even so, there in the dark on the nighttime highway I felt a familiar frisson from childhood concerning a form of divination that seems to know more than it should.