Like most people I have a cell phone. If I use it to take a picture, I can send that photo any number of places with a tap, swipe, and tap. It works that way with scanned documents as well. Using a hand-held phone, I can scan important papers, convert them to PDFs, and send them via email, text, “AirDrop” (whatever that is), Facebook, Twitter, Instagram—you name it. Except fax. That I cannot do. The other day a company wanted me to send them a document by fax. Within seconds I had scanned it with my phone and was ready to send it, but instead experienced electronic constipation. The company had no email; it had to come by fax.
Now, like most reasonably modern people, we have no fax machine at home. We still have some in the office in New York, but they are clunky, noisy, and seldom actually work. The technology to receive documents has improved beyond the photostatic smear that facsimiles represent. I worked for a company where the warehouse insisted on orders by fax. You’d fax them the order and wait for the phone to ring. They couldn’t read the fax and you had to tell them what it said. Well, this particular company I was dealing with wanted a fax. I downloaded two or three “free” fax apps. They suspiciously wanted my credit card info. Besides, if you send more than one page they wanted at least ten bucks for a “package” deal. I had to send a three-page document. I checked to see if my laptop could do it. The manufacturer’s website said it could, but the menu option it told me about didn’t appear. Who insists on faxes any more?
This is the dilemma of mixed technologies. It’s like those movies where the streets of some exotic city are filled with rickshaws, cars, bicycles, and pedestrians. The fax, in this analogy, is the pedestrian. My mother doesn’t have email, let alone the capability to text (or fax). Ours is a telephone relationship. Yet in my hand I hold a device that can send this document anywhere in the world with a tap, swipe, and tap. I recall my first trip to Jerusalem where hand-drawn carts, cars, and yes, camels, shared the streets. This was in the days before the internet. To contact home even by telephone was cumbersome and costly. Yet somehow we survived. I’d arranged the trip utilizing a travel agency and funded it by a letter-writing campaign. The Ektachrome slides I took are now a pain to look at because technology has so improved our lives. Unless, of course, you need to send a fax. Delivery by camel can at least be arranged via the internet.
Posted in Current Events, Just for Fun, Posts, Science, Travel
Tagged Ektachrome, email, fax, Jerusalem, Luddite, technology, text, travel agency
Timing has never been my strong suit. As soon as I stopped my daily commute to New York City, the Morgan Library and Museum opened a display titled “Medieval Monsters: Terrors, Aliens, Wonders.” To appreciate the irony of this fully, you need to realize my office was just across the street from the Morgan Library, and the daily visits would’ve provided a good opportunity for a lunch-time break with my beloved monsters. Instead I was spending the time moving further west and unpacking. Still, displays like this are a tacit form of validation. Those of us who admit, as adults, that we like monsters huddle under a cloud of suspicion. Monsters are a matter for kids—like dinosaurs and fairies—not something on which an upwardly mobile adult spends his time. We’ll take whatever validation we can get.
Perhaps we’ve been too hasty to dismiss our monsters. Even the Bible, after all, has them. They help us cope in a chaotic and uncertain world. A world of hurricanes and Trump. A world lacking compassion and sense. Monsters have always been symbols of the borderlands. Creatures that cross boundaries and that shouldn’t exist but somehow do nevertheless. Science has helped us understand our world, but in our desire to grow up enough to use Occam’s razor, we find that it shaves a little too close. Besides, what can be more unnatural than shaving? When we lose our ability to believe in monsters, we lose a piece of our ability to cope with an unpredictable world. Monsters have their practical uses indeed.
If the world were more predictable, I would still be teaching instead of editing. Or I’d still be living in an apartment rather than a house. Moving is chaos embodied. Like monsters, it’s best left to the young. It’s just like this world for a monster display to open just across the street right when you’ve moved out of town. I should expect no less in a cosmos marked by uncertainty. Medieval Monsters isn’t the only museum display of the weird and wonderful. Monsters have a way of showing up again once you think they’re safely gone. Family and friends share with me their visits to other monster exhibits at other museums. They may wonder at my fascination with them—an adult with a sober doctorate in the field of history of religions, biblical studies, ancient Near Eastern religions, whatever. It’s kind of a monster in its own right, on display here daily. If you happen to miss it, don’t worry. It’ll remain lurking in its own corner of the internet.
Posted in Bible, Classical Mythology, Current Events, Just for Fun, Monsters, Posts, Travel
Tagged aliens, Medieval Monsters, Morgan Library and Museum, New York City, Occam's razor, Terrors, Wonders
At various points of my career I’ve applied for museum curator positions. Since those who actually land those jobs have degrees in museum studies, I’ve never gotten as far as an interview. Still, I like to think I’d be good at it. I spend time in museums and I’ve been told I have an okay eye for design. And I recently read that museums are educational institutions. That makes sense since people tend to be visual learners. (This is something I took into account in my classes as well, illustrating lectures to make a point. The traditional academic feels that pictures are somehow “soft” learning as opposed to the harsh realities of text and word-based instruction, but I beg to differ.) We see things and they stick with us.
On a visit to the New York Historical Society museum I once looked at their somewhat abbreviated sculpture collection. This isn’t the Met, after all. One of the tricks I’ve learned about museum displays is that some curators place subtle humor in their framing of objects. For example, my gaze was drawn to a figure of a pilgrim. A stern-looking fellow, he’s captured in full stride, massive Bible tucked under his arm, determined frown on his face. This is a man trying to create Heaven on earth, dour though it may be. Taking a step back, my camera found a smile in this image. On either side of this angry Christian were two naked women: one was apparently Artemis with her bow, the other perhaps a Muse. The lines of the display draw attention to this juxtaposition. There’s some humor here, intentional or not.
This also takes me back to yesterday’s post about Heaven. Perceptions of what it is differ. There’s a mindset like the pilgrim that sees a life of suffering being rewarded in the hereafter with endless bliss. I do have to wonder whether too much hardship down here might not make one forget how to enjoy oneself. It’s difficult to picture a Puritan in rapture. It’s as if the journey—the hard road—is the real source of enjoyment here. Each of us, I suppose, has her or his own view of Heaven. Mine’s kind of like a library with all the time in the world without end to read. Others, I suspect, would find paradise as a garden. Yet others would see Heaven as a kind of museum, but it would be one where laughing out loud was okay, for the Curator definitely has a sense of humor.
Posted in American Religion, Art, Higher Education, Posts, Sects, Travel
Tagged Artemis, Heaven, Muses, museums, New York City, New York Historical Society Museum, Pilgrims
A family friend recently died. I was in New York City when I received the news, and I mused how recent a phenomenon this speed of information is. The news wasn’t necessarily a shock—this friend had been experiencing failing health, he was a close friend of my grandfather—but for some reason Samuel F. B. Morse came to mind. The story goes that Morse invented the telegraph because of his experience of being away from home when his wife died. By the time he received the news and was able to get home by the conveyance of the day, she’s already been buried. He set his inventive mind to improving the speed of communication over a distance. In these days of receiving texts mere seconds after something momentous happens, it’s difficult to imagine that for the vast majority of human existence, personal news traveled slowly.
Feeling in a reflective mood I recalled how when I was in college I wrote letters home. Yes, the telephone existed by then—don’t be so cynical!—but long distance bore a cost and college students find ways to save their money for girlfriends or spending a weekend in Pittsburgh. News traveled more slowly. Back before Morse, the swiftest option was the letter. The death of a friend might take days or weeks to reach those close. Distance in time, as well as space, may not have lessened the shock, but the immediacy of a text wasn’t there. The death had occurred days or weeks ago. There was nothing left to do but grieve and get on with life. Like Samuel Morse—perhaps the only point of comparison between us—I was unable to get away immediately. New York City isn’t easy to escape quickly.
We move swiftly and slowly at the same time. I know news moments from the event, but this physical mass I inhabit is sluggish takes some time to get around. Manhattan’s an island, and although it’s not Styx we’re crossing, the Hudson creates barriers enough. Now my journey includes crossing the entire state of New Jersey before I can even reach home. Were I to drive back to my original home, it would add another five hours at least in the car. Sometimes I wonder if the immediacy of knowing is a blessing or a curse. The shock is immediate and visceral. But like an injection, the sharpness is quickly over and the dull ache sets in. Our family friend had been suffering for some time. Now he’s at peace. I like to think he’s with my granddad, and that the two of them together won’t judge me too harshly for moving so slowly.
Posted in Current Events, Memoirs, Posts, Science, Travel
Tagged death, Homer Sitterley, Internet, New York City, Samuel F. B. Morse, telegraph, Time, travel
Call me nostalgic, but growing up Fundie, “Capernaum” tripped easily off my lips. In fact, it was a word I heard very frequently at church, always pronounced “kap-er-NEE-um” (please pardon my amateur phonetics). Even though no one I knew had ever been to Israel, we all knew it was in Galilee and that it figured large in the early life of Jesus of Nazareth (although we assumed he was surnamed “Christ”). When I attended seminary I was surprised to hear the geonym pronounced “ka-per-NUM.” It sounded so sophisticated—aristocratic, even. Still, everyone at Boston University School of Theology knew what, and roughly where, it was. It was a household name, no matter how you pronounced it.
Spellcheck disagrees. It doesn’t recognize one of the most famous places in the New Testament. Now, I’m aware that my view of things is idiosyncratic. This blog should be proof of that. Those who grow up from Fundamentalism often know this experience—something that everyone knew when you were young and informed is arcane knowledge to the rest of the world where Kardashians and Sedarises are household names. The Bible, irrelevant at best, is a foreign country. Then the religious right comes to power and everyone’s confused. They don’t speak the same language as the rest of the world. They say kap-er-NEE-um. Others scratch their heads and glance at their knee caps.
When I visited ancient Capernaum it required some imagination to reconstruct what it had been, back in the day. Since the ruins were relatively recent—only a millennium or two—some of the buildings were still above ground, including the famous synagogue. Even among the unchurched archaeologists, everyone knew the connection of the city to Jesus of Nazareth. That doesn’t mean, however, that the programmers responsible for spellcheck recognize the name. Kardashian doesn’t get a red underline on my word processor. Even in the first century, however, Galilee was a backwater (with real water!). Important people came from big cities and had family connections.
Some things don’t change much over the millennia. The famous often find their spotlight because of connections. If the deity decided to incarnate today, s/he’d know to get a website put together first. And it would help to have some product endorsements. Even salvation at a click isn’t enough to draw most people in. Of course, the matter of name—excuse me, “brand”—is important. More than anything, you want something people can pronounce. And just to be safe, anchor it to either New York or the city named The Angels.
Posted in Bible, Just for Fun, Memoirs, Posts, Sects, Travel
Tagged Archaeology, Boston University School of Theology, Capernaum, Fundamentalism, Galilee, Jesus of Nazareth, spellcheck
Pop culture borrows from religion without knowing it. Or maybe it’s just that religion has become so irrelevant that people no longer care. Whichever may be the case, those who contribute to pop culture have a rich treasury from which to take withdrawals. This occurred to me while waiting for a bus into New York. Many people don’t want to stand in line (who does, really?). In the Park-n-Ride subculture, you may leave an avatar in your place. It’s probably not called an avatar, but since there’s nobody here to ask, I’m going to use the pop culture name. You put your bag on the pavement, marking your place and then go sit in your car. Since I’m going to be sitting in a big car for the next two hours, I prefer to stand outside.
The idea of an avatar is mediated to most people through either computer language or the movie. I first encountered the term in the former sense in Neal Stephenson’s Snow Crash. I was an internet neophyte and had trouble conceiving a virtual world in those days. Some time later came the latter. James Cameron’s film embodied the idea—linked through software, the tired hardware of physical bodies could be given new life. In some senses it was an even better life. Now everyone knows what an avatar is. Perhaps except that the idea is native to Hinduism.
Hinduism was never an organized, intentional religion such as Christianity. It is rather a wide array of traditional beliefs that, in the light of missionary activity, had to be given a name. There are many gods in Hinduism, and when a deity descends to earth s/he appears in a form recognizable to humans—an avatar. Not being an Indologist, my understanding of the concept is very basic, but it’s enough to know that this religious idea found a role in pop culture first through computer representations of human beings. We had flattered ourselves with being gods, since we had created a virtual world. A world we couldn’t physically enter. Avatars were, therefore, how we wanted others to experience us. Snow Crash is peopled with all kinds of representations. The internet today, nearly 30 years on, has many more. After all, there are many gods.
I glance at my watch. The bus should be here any minute now. When it enters the lot I’ll see the deities behind these canvas and leather avatars. They’ll be less impressive than I’ve imagined them, I’m sure. And although we’ve created virtual reality, I still have to get on a physical bus to go to virtual work.
Posted in American Religion, Consciousness, Deities, Memoirs, Popular Culture, Posts, Religious Origins, Sects, Travel
Tagged Avatar, Hinduism, James Cameron, Neal Stephenson, New York City, Park-n-Ride, Snow Crash, virtual reality
Alogotransiphobia doesn’t just strike me when I’m on the bus. Whenever I travel anywhere I try to take a book along. To the DMV. To movie theaters. To take the paper to the shredding truck. Anywhere there might be a line. There comes a time when you realize every second is a gift, and time runs swiftly through the glass. Life’s too short not to read. So it is that I find myself in a hotel for a night. Feeling somewhat like taking a risk, I’ve only brought three books. Will I read them all tonight? Most likely not. But just in case…
Alogotransiphobia is real. In my long-distance commuting days—in a past still very recent—I tried to calculate carefully. Would I finish this book in the three hours I knew I’d have on New Jersey Transit? If even a chance seemed to exist that I would, I would add another book to my bag. But then that occasional Monday morning would arrive when somehow Sunday night seemed to slip away unbidden, leaving me bleary eyed and foggy brained to face pre-dawn alone on a deserted street corner. And I neglected to calculate the chances. Once in a great while, on such a day I would finish a book only to face a very long ride home without another. Alogotransiphobia would kick in. I would squirm in my seat as well as in my mind, anxious to get off that bus, as if I needed to shower to wash the feeling of wasted time off me. A commute without a book was remaindered, unrecoverable time. Lost time. Squandered.
For two months now I’ve been delivered from the daily commuting life. Now I find the opposite phobia. That which entails staying at home and having so much to do that time to read is stolen back by that cosmic trickster we call fate. I try to carve out time for reading, but the funny thing about work is that when you do it from home you feel you have to prove yourself. I suspect employers know that. A certain type of worker—perhaps one who’s lost a job or two in recent years—will always reach for supererogation. And such a one will even sacrifice literacy on the altar of an assured paycheck. Until recent days I was like a hermit on the bus. Those around me may have been going in the same direction but we were in completely separate places. I was, during the commute, lost in a book. Alogotransiphobia was in the seat right beside me.