Okay, so this will require some explanation.It came about like this: I was in a used bookstore.(This in itself requires no explanation, of course.)I noticed a slim book, cover out, called A Pocket Guide to UFO’s and ETs: A biblical and cultural exploration of aliens.Biblical?I picked it up only to discover it was from Answers in Genesis.Please note: I do not buy books or paraphernalia of Fundamentalist groups unless I can get it used.I don’t want to support this particular weirdness in any way.Well, the money for this used book was going to support a used bookstore and not a religious aberration, so I figured it would be good to see what the Fundies have to say about a topic that seems to have started to engage public interest again.
The book begins by helpfully pointing out that if there’s life on other planets the Bible doesn’t mention it.And since the only way it could’ve got there is by evolution—for surely the Almighty would’ve said something about it in his book, if he’d invented it—the whole idea is a non-starter.Evolution, as everyone knows, is a satanic idea meant primarily to challenge the Bible and secondarily explain the diversity of life forms on earth.And since earth is the only planet the Bible recognizes, it is the only one with life.So, UFOs, it stands to reason don’t exist.Well, that’s not quite fair.They do exist but most can be explained away and those that can’t may well be demonic.Since there can be no aliens, and since some sightings can’t be otherwise explained, then demons—which the Bible does mention—must be responsible.They (demons) can also explain why other world religions exist.
There’s plenty in here to offend just about everyone apart from the Answers in Genesis crowd.The screed spends quite a bit of time knocking down ancient astronaut ideas, and taking Erich von Däniken to task.Science is useful in explaining how pyramids were built, but not in how the rock used to build them was formed (it takes far too long to make limestone the old fashioned way; God simply used a variety of different rock types to make the one inhabited planet more interesting geologically).And those UFO religions?Inspired by demons, no doubt.In fact, even reading a little book like this could lead you to become interested in the subject, so be careful!In fact, the safest thing of all (and I’ve only got your well-being in mind) is to leave it on the shelf.
There’s a narrative of fear in Christianity that seems to have been absent at the beginning.This is evident when driving the highways of America where you’ll see billboards (which are meant for selling things) advertising the truth of a kind of biblical Fundamentalism.On my recent trip across Pennsylvania this fear stood out in some rather obvious ways.And it doesn’t reflect the Christianity reflected in the Good Book.Stop and think about it: although the persecution of early believers was probably never as widespread as the usual narrative says it was, the writings we have describe facing persecution with joy.Believing that they would be delivered, the oppressed welcomed the opportunity to prove their faith.The Chick tracts I read as a child, however, focused intently on how scary the future persecution would be.Fear, not joy, was the motivation for belief.
As we stopped in a turnpike rest area, we noticed a kiosk of Christian books amid snacks both salty and sweet.The only other reading material available had to do with tourist attractions and finding directions.It was, upon retrospect, odd.Pondering this I recalled the narrative I heard repeatedly in my youth—a time was coming when it would be illegal to be Christian.There would be persecution and the only proper response was a faith borne of fear.This was not a religion of love thy neighbor.No, this was a religion of armed survival based not on turning the other cheek, but on asserting itself with a show of firepower.This kind of weaponized evangelicalism has taken over the narrative of Christianity.Paul of Tarsus, knowing he would likely be executed, wrote of his joy from prison.In the land of plenty we tremble.
The more cynical side of my experience suggests that politicians—who have learned that fear gets them elected—found in this form of Christianity a convenient set of sheep without a shepherd.There’s fear in these billboards.Fear that another religion may take over.Or that secularism may make cherished beliefs illegal.This isn’t cause for celebration, as the sermon on the mount proclaims it should be, but rather a call to arms.In this country we have more than enough.Among those left out, however, this fear grows just as rapidly as among those who fear they may lose the abundance they have.They try to convert the weary traveler whose eye is drawn to the billboard.And even those who stop for a drink of cold water which, the Bible suggests, should be freely given.
It’s encouraging and disheartening all at the same time.And seldom has the evil of money been so obvious.Last night I attended an environmental panel discussion at a local church.It was encouraging to see so many people out on a rainy, chilly night in Bethlehem, a city famous for its might steel mill.Everyone there knew the problem and agreed that something had to be done.As the speakers gave their presentations it became clear just how corrupt politicians are.Corruption is bipartisan, of course.In the name of “economic growth” we allow the fracking rape of our state despite the known and proven environmental hazards.Despite the fact that Pennsylvania has a green amendment in its state constitution.Money, as Cyndi reminds us, changes everything.
Shortly after even Mitch McConnell admitted climate change is real, at the state level climate deniers are running things.It brought to mind the frightening and omnipresent teachings of my Fundamentalist youth: the sooner we can destroy this planet the sooner we’ll make Jesus come again.Convinced of the absolute certainty of that second coming, there is almost a mandate to ruin, pillage, and plunder natural resources because the Good Book ensures us that, upon a white horse the savior will come in the nick of time.Politicians, elected officials believe this.They also believe in mammon.If you’re gonna go down, you might as well do it in style.Like John Jacob Astor on the Titanic.It’s the way of the aristocrat.Rising seas drown rich and poor alike.
It was a miserable night to be out.The weather has been freakishly off for some time now, and all the science—real science, that is—predicts it’s only going to get worse.How the government became the enemy of the planet that gave it birth would be a fascinating story if only it were fiction.The truth is we’ve elected people that can be bought.And bought easily.Laws are passed that violate the constitution of this commonwealth and meetings are held behind closed doors.Local activists are very active while most of us struggle to keep ourselves employed, heads, as it were, above water.We need to pause now and again to consider what a wonder this planet is.We must learn that the only power money has is that which we freely give it.Rain was pouring down.Brontide was actual thunder as the state legislature drew up chairs for the last supper.
In the process of unpacking books, it became clear that evolution has been a large part of my life.More sophisticated colleagues might wonder why anyone would be concerned about an issue that biblical scholars long ago dismissed as passé.Genesis 1–11 is a set of myths, many of which have clear parallels in the world of ancient West Asia.Why even bother asking whether creationism has any merit?I pondered this as I unpacked the many books on Genesis I’d bought and read while teaching.Why this intense interest in this particular story?It goes back, no doubt, to the same roots that stop me in my tracks whenever I see a fossil.The reason I pause to think whenever I see a dinosaur represented in a museum or movie.When a “caveman” suggests a rather lowbrow version of Adam and Eve.When I read about the Big Bang.
The fact is evolution was the first solid evidence that the Bible isn’t literally true.That time comes in every intelligent life (at least among those raised reading the Good Book).You realize, with a horrific shock, that what you’d been told all along was a back-filled fabrication that was meant to save the reputation of book written before the advent of science.The Bible, as the study of said book clearly reveals, is not what the Fundamentalists say it is.Although all of modern scientific medicine is based on the fact of evolution, many who benefit from said medicine deny the very truth behind it.Evolution, since 1859, has been the ditch in which Fundies are willing to die.For this reason, perhaps, I took a very early interest in Genesis.
Back in my teaching days it was my intention to write a book on this.I’d read quite a lot on both Genesis and evolution.I read science voraciously.I taught courses on it.I’d carefully preserved childhood books declaring the evils of evolution.To this day Genesis can stop me cold and I will begin to think over the implications.When we teach children that the Bible is a scientific record, we’re doing a disservice to both religion and society.This false thinking can take a lifetime to overcome, and even then doubts will remain.Such is the power of magical thinking.I keep my books on Genesis, although the classroom is rare to me these days.I do it because it is part of my life.And I wonder if it is something I’ll ever be able to outgrow.
In our current political climate, perspective helps quite a bit.Indeed, one of the shortcomings of our conscious species is our inability to think much beyond the present.In either direction.Because of the biblical basis of western civilization, a significant portion of otherwise intelligent people believe that the world was created 6000 years ago.I grew up believing that myself, before I learned more about the Bible and its context.I also grew up collecting fossils.Somehow I had no problem knowing that the fossils were from times far before human beings walked the earth, but also that the earth wasn’t nearly as old as it had to be for that to have happened.Faith often involves contradictions and remains self-convinced nevertheless.
While out walking yesterday I came across a fossil leaf.Unbeknownst to our movers last summer, I have boxes of fossils that I’ve picked up in various places that I’ve lived.I find it hard to leave them in situ because of the fascinating sense of contradictions that still grabs me when I see one.There was an impression of a leaf from millions of years ago right at my feet.It was in a rock deeply embedded in the ground and that had to be left in place.Never having found a floral fossil before this was somewhat of a disappointment.Still it left an impression on me.Perhaps when dinosaurs roamed Pennsylvania—or perhaps before—this leaf had fallen and been buried to last for eons.How the world has changed since then!
After that encounter, I considered the brown leaves scattered from the recently departed fall.Some lay on the muddy path, but few or none of them would meet the precise conditions required to form a fossil.If one did, however, it would be here after humanity has either grown up and evolved into something nobler or has destroyed itself in a fit of pique or hatred.We know we’re better than the political games played by those who use the system for their own gain.The impressions we leave are far less benign than this ossified leaf at my feet.The Fundamentalist of the dispensationalist species sees world history divided into very brief ages.God, they opine, created the entire earth to last less than 10,000 years.All this effort, suffering, and hope exists to be wiped out before an actual fossil has time to form.It’s a perspective as fascinating as it is dangerous.
A story from Inside Higher Ed discusses a study of history majors and their rapid decline.This occurs during a sudden onset of “job related” majors and the graph accompanying the article shows how STEM has taken over higher education.These are the fields with actual occupations awaiting them at the end of the degree, while disciplines such as history and religion (also very near the bottom) have less clear career paths.Indeed, when I’ve been in the job market I find that a religion degree is less than useless, no matter what the department recruiters tell you.If you’re not bound for the clergy you undertake the study at your own peril.History, I expect, suffers from a similar dynamic, but the peril in this case is to all of civilization.
We’ve seen over the past two years how a stunning lack of knowledge of history sets a nation on the path to chaos.Businessmen with no classical education don’t make good national leaders.Knowing where we’ve been, as Santayana so eloquently stated, is the only thing that keeps us from repeating past failures.History is our only safeguard in this respect.Over the Thanksgiving break I spent a little time delving into family history.Since I don’t come from illustrious lineage, I felt the frustration of finding out what happened to obscure people from the last couple of centuries.Lack of history on a personal level.On a professional level, my doctorate is really in the history of religions (ancient religions) and I’ve become keenly aware of just how little history there is to the very popular modern Fundamentalist movement.
Maybe I said that wrong.They do have a history, but the belief system that is touted as ancient is really quite modern.Anti-modern, in fact.When historical knowledge is lacking, however, people can make all kinds of claims based on nothing more than wishful thinking.History keeps us honest.Or it used to.When we’ve outlived the need for history we’ve started down a path unlit by any embers of past human foibles.We’ve been living in a culture in love with technology but not so much with critical reflection of where such innovations might take us.Doctors are beginning to complain that they spend more time on their computers than with their patients.The time freed up by the internet has been taken up by the internet.And when all of this comes to its natural culmination, we would be well served by historians to make a record of what went wrong. If we could find any.
“Myth embodies the nearest approach to absolute truth that can be stated in words.”I recently came across this quote from Ananda K. Coomaraswamy.Coomaraswamy was a philosopher and metapmhysist from Ceylon, and like many eastern thinkers had a more holistic view of the world than western rationalism.We’re taught from a young age that myth is something false, not true.This colloquial use of the word is so common that those of us who’ve specialized in myth slip into it during everyday conversation.Words, however, have uses rather than meanings.Coomaraswamy was engaging this reality in the quote above.Words can take us only so far in exploring reality when we have to break into either formulas or poetry.Although they are under-appreciated poets are the purveyors of truth.
Having studied ancient mythology in some detail, it became clear to me as a student that these tales weren’t meant to be taken literally.Instead, they were known to be true.It takes a supple mind to parse being true from “really happened,” as we are taught in the western world that on what “really happened” is true.In other words, historicism is our myth.Meaning may not inhere in words, but when we use words to explore it we run up against lexical limits.Is it any wonder that lovers resort to poetry?On those occasions when I’ve been brave enough to venture to write some, I walk away feeling as if I’ve been the receiver of some cosmic radio signal.We have been taught to trust the reality of what our senses perceive.Myth, and poetry, remind us that there’s much more.
The Fundamentalist myth is that the Bible is literally true.If they’d stop and think about it, they’d realize the mockery such thinking makes of Holy Writ.The Good Book doesn’t look at itself that way.In fact, it doesn’t even look at itself as a book—an idea that developed in later times.The time and the cultures that produced the Bible were cool with myth.They may not have called it that but the signs are unmistakable.Ananda Coomaraswamy knew whereof he wrote.The closest to absolute truth we can come takes us to the end of declarative, factual writing.Scientists writing about the Big Bang devolve into complex mathematical formulas to explain what mere words can.Myth is much more eloquent, even if we as a society, dismiss it along with other non-factual truth.