It’s not like you need an excuse to read ghost stories in October. At least that’s what I hoped other passengers on the bus would think. Yesterday on my way into and out of New York City I read the next in the series of Ed and Lorraine Warren books, this one titled Graveyard, and written by Robert David Chase. Now, you need to realize that I’d heard of the Warrens long before The Conjuring came out. Those of us curious about ghosts to the point of reading at least semi-serious books on them know the brand. What I don’t know is how to find out much about what “the Warrens” actually wrote. These books are being (have been) republished by Graymalkin Media, after having originally been published by mainstream publishers. This one was originally released by St. Martin’s Press. Those of us in publishing believe that stands for something.
Loosely tied together around graveyard stories, featuring for half the book Union Cemetery near the Warrens’ Monroe, Connecticut home, the book ranges far and wide concerning ghosts. Here we meet a man or two who turned into demons—I wonder how that works?—and a good demon punishing an evil person. Some of these stories seem straight out of the high school scare-your-date playbook, while others are actually pretty scary. A mix of accounts by either Ed or Lorraine, and stories embellished, it seems, by Chase, this book is like a trick-or-treater’s Halloween bag—you never know what you’re going to get. It’s a little too bad because I’ve read some sober, and serious treatments of ghosts over the past several autumns, and with the Warrens’ vast experience, it’s a unfortunate that the accounts had been so dolled up.
It’s a shame that scholars of religion can’t be more forthright about their interest in the spiritual world. I know many that I won’t call out here that are secretly—some openly—exploring these kinds of questions. That won’t get you tenure anywhere (something the Ghostbusters reboot got right). Even in the world of science there are forbidden topics. That’s because, as this little book points out, spirits creak open the doors to all kinds of uncertainties. I suspect that’s a similar reason that scholars of religion are treated with a certain mistrust by other guilds within the academy. We need to play it straight and prove that we aren’t given to flights of fancy that might suggest something as unsophisticated as belief. Still, as Graveyard shows, ghost stories are extremely common. In fact, no October would be complete without them. So I hope the other passengers think.
Posted in Books, Higher Education, Memoirs, Monsters, Popular Culture, Posts
Tagged Ed and Lorraine Warren, Ghostbusters, ghosts, graveyard, Robert David Chase, The Conjuring
So my current book project involves addressing The Conjuring universe. A few weeks back I posted on The Nun, the newest member of that diegesis and one with no claim to be based on real events. Nevertheless, the film circles back at the end to “Frenchy” and his exorcism shown in the original movie. One of the frustrating aspects of Ed and Lorraine Warren ’s oeuvre is that documented sources are difficult to locate. When I found out Satan’s Harvest (by Michael Lasalandra and Mark Merenda, with Maurice and Nancy Theriault) was the “true story” behind Frenchy Theriault’s possession, well, let’s just say working on a book is a good excuse. Overly dramatized, and somewhat padded, this account may be the closest we can come to this particular demonic encounter.
I don’t pretend to be certain about many things, so I reserve judgment about what actually might’ve happened to Maurice Theriault. Unlike portrayed in The Nun’s storyline, he never lived in Romania. He was physically abused by his father and was made to participate in unwanted sexual acts. His was not an easy life. Still, when Lasalandra and Merenda try to explain the origin of possession they go back to the same source as the original movie—Salem. Credulously claiming that the Devil was behind what happened in 1692, they believe that demonic possession accounted for that unfortunate miscarriage of justice. It’s difficult to say if they considered that such speculation implies that the innocents killed there were actually witches. (They state that the Devil asks people to sign his book.)
Herein lies part of the problem with academics and the supernatural. Sensationalized claims don’t help since academics are all about being taken seriously. At the same time it’s clear that conventional explanations don’t always fit. Neither credulousness nor extreme skepticism will lead to solving such mysteries. This is why we need the monstrous. That which falls outside the parameters of what quotidian experience leads us to expect. Science can make everything fit only by leveling off the exceptional. Academics won’t risk exploration of the anomalous. This leaves the curious few means of finding out what happened beyond simple dismissal or overly gullible popularizing accounts. Satan’s Harvest contains information that calls out for explanation. Perhaps a hoax was involved, but that doesn’t add up when all the evidence is in. Beyond that, we’re left to guess. And some things it feels better to be sure about.
Posted in American Religion, Books, Higher Education, Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts, Science
Tagged Ed and Lorraine Warren, Maurice Theriault, Michael Lasalandra and Mark Merenda, Salem, Satan’s Harvest, The Conjuring, The Nun
Although I don’t read movie reviews until after I’ve seen a film, I have a confession to make. With rumors swirling of The Conjuring 3, and since a chapter of Nightmares with the Bible will involve The Conjuring, I was a little curious what it might be about. Word on the street—and by “street” I mean “internet”—is that it will feature the case of Ed and Lorraine Warren that’s presented in Werewolf. Co-written by William Ramsey (the victim) and Robert David Chase, the book describes the strange malady of Ramsey, who never actually changed into a wolf, but for inexplicable reasons (at the time) thought himself a wolf and took on a wolfish look as he attacked people. The reports suggest he had preternatural strength at such times.
Since most of the Warrens’ books are concerned with demons, it should come as no surprise that in this case that was the diagnosis as well. With no real reason given, once upon a childhood evening Ramsey was possessed and occasionally broke out into violent fits. He landed in a psychiatric hospital a couple of times, but was eventually released. Noticed by the Warrens on one of their trips to England, Ramsey was invited to come stateside for an exorcism. According to the book, the rite was successful at least up until the time of publication. That’s the thing about demons—you can’t always tell for sure when they’re gone.
It’s pretty obvious why such a story line would appeal for a horror flick. You’ve got a werewolf, an unnamed demon, and an exorcism—there’s a lot to work with here. Weird things happen in the world, and there’s not too much to strain the credulity in this case. It would seem possible that a mental illness could cause much of what’s described as plaguing Ramsey, though. Its episodic nature is strange, I suppose, and the Warrens had a reputation for spotting demons. I did miss the conventional elements of the exorcism, however. No demon forced to give its name, no levitating and no head-spinning. Not even a bona fide bodily transformation. They’ll be able to fix that in Hollywood, I’m sure. Credulous or not, there will always be people like me who feel compelled to read such books. And since there’s no final arbiter but opinion in cases of the supernatural, that can leave you wondering.
Posted in Books, Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts
Tagged demons, Ed and Lorraine Warren, exorcism, Nightmares with the Bible, Robert David Chase, The Conjuring 3, werewolf, William Ramsey
You might go crazy trying to piece it all together. The buzz for The Conjuring had a spinoff prequel, Annabelle, in the making even as the movie hit theaters. Love it or hate it, horror makes money. A more traditional sequel, The Conjuring 2, is leading to two further spinoffs, The Nun and The Crooked Man. And this summer a prequel to the prequel, Annabelle: Creation, came out. Only Annabelle isn’t really so much a prequel since it doesn’t have to do with Ed and Lorraine Warren. In any case, I finally had a chance to watch Annabelle: Creation and found it one of the more stunning examples of the genre in a long while. Intelligent, intricate, and slotted into the series in ways that required serious thought, it works as a stand-alone film or as part of a series. And, like much horror, it is deeply invested in religion.
First of all, the orphans moving into the Mullins’ large home are from a Catholic orphanage that has been closed. They are overseen by Sister Charlotte, so we expect religion to interdigitate with the horror here. Confession of sins, prayer, and crucifixes appear amid the unfolding lives of the girls in an isolated house inhabited by a demon. Some of the tricks we’ve seen before, but there’s enough new here to reinforce the thesis that religion and fear are close kin. Despite all this, and having a priest on call, no exorcism takes place. The doll, Father Massey declares, is just a doll. After the house has been blessed, there’s no need to fear. Of course we’ve already seen what comes next so we know the priest is wrong.
Some people watch horror to be scared. Others of us watch it looking for something a bit deeper. Not for everyone is religion a source of fear. We do, however, tend to cling to our beliefs because the world is such an uncertain place. We’re aware that we won’t last forever. Horror exploits that openly and without shame. Threats are constant and unrelenting, even if contrived. Religion is often a place to find consolation in the face of fear, so it becomes even more frightening when the place to which you’ve fled is the very place that’s out to get you. Annabelle: Creation is aware of this dynamic. The crucifixes, the Bibles, the prayers—none of this helps. What’s more, the girls manage to pull themselves together for safety when there are no men around. The real danger, after all, is inhuman.
Posted in Current Events, Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts
Tagged Annabelle, Annabelle: Creation, demons, Ed and Lorraine Warren, horror movies, The Conjuring, The Conjuring 2, The Crooked Man, The Nun
Although it hasn’t always been this way, one of the most characteristic aspects of the modern horror film is the sequel. Some franchises spin into countless sequels and remakes, until their iconic anti-heroes become household names. The Conjuring diegesis participates in this somewhat, but instead of having a repeat fiend, it’s a theme that comes up time and again, tied together by the work of Ed and Lorraine Warren. I’ve written about The Conjuring before, as well as The Conjuring 2. Prior to the sequel there was a prequel of sorts—more properly a spinoff—Annabelle. Not attaining the critical regard as its originator, Annabelle nonetheless did quite well at the box office, as horror movies often do. The idea behind the movie was to give some backstory to the doll that appeared in The Conjuring.
According to the Warrens, there really is such a haunted doll. Technically it’s not haunted. They call it a conduit through which a demon seeks to entrap a human soul. This past summer a prequel to the prequel, Annabelle: Creation, received higher critical marks than its initial installment. All of this is to say that I had to see the original Annabelle in order to try to make sense of this whole series. Despite its failings, the movie once again shows the interlaced nature of horror and religion. It opens in a church and the priest, Fr. Perez, makes several appearances in the story as the Form couple struggles with the demon inside the doll. Pregnant and vulnerable, Mia Form is traumatized when two cult members invade and then die in her home. Annabelle Higgins, one the intruders, dies holding the doll, bleeding into it. She and her accomplice are satanists, trying to raise a demon for nefarious purposes. (I suppose those are the only kinds of purposes to raise a demon, actually.)
The plot takes various twists and turns, never veering far from the main conceit that the demon wants Mia’s soul. I won’t give any spoilers in case any readers are even further behind in their movie viewing than me. Suffice it to say, this is one of the most thoroughly religious horror films I’ve seen. The Conjuring 2 will pick up the story again with the Warrens and a demon disguised as a nun (and a sequel to both The Conjuring universe and the nun are in the works). Critics are certain religion is dying. If popular culture is any measure, that conclusion is far from certain. Sometimes it’s a bit preachy, but it’s there in horror. Even a possessed doll knows that.
Posted in Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts, Religious Violence
Tagged Annabelle, Annabelle: Creation, demons, Ed and Lorraine Warren, horror movies, The Conjuring, The Conjuring 2
Among the most revered traditions of the horror film is the sequel. Originally a financially driven feature, sequels have now become an expectation among fans. And although in general we prefer to appeal to our higher cultural aspirations, many horror movies do remarkably well at the box office. I’m not much of a sequel-watcher, but sometimes in my effort to understand the close connection between religion and horror, I succumb. So it was I watched The Conjuring 2. As with the formula for the initial movie, cases actually investigated by Ed and Lorraine Warren are brought together with exaggerated special effects and demonic entities. Starting out in Amityville, the demon Valak is introduced. It later appears as the source of the Enfield poltergeist.
In real life controversy never strayed far from the Warrens and their investigations. Amityville and Enfield have both been implicated as hoaxes. The Hodgson girls, just like the Fox sisters in upstate New York, confessed to some faking, and, of course once that dam has been breeched, there’s no stopping the flood to follow. Nevertheless, such incidents make for good horror film fare. In the case of The Conjuring 2, bringing a named demon into the mix keeps the religious pot roiling. Ironically, the demon takes the form of a nun. This character is a complete departure from both the Amityville and Enfield of record, although demonic influences were posited for both cases. Valak appears to go back to The Lesser Key of Solomon, a grimoire familiar to watchers of the now departed Sleepy Hollow.
Even with the hoax light cast on the “based on a true story” tagline, The Conjuring is well on its way to spawning a cinematic universe. Annabelle was a spinoff, and Annabelle: Creation scored high marks this summer. The success of The Conjuring 2 has led to work on The Nun, scheduled out next year. There’s talk of a third Conjuring film as well. As religion becomes less obvious in the traditional forms of weekly worship gatherings, it crops up more in other areas of culture. Don’t get me wrong—there’s plenty of secular horror as well. What does stand out is that when religion knocks at that creaking door of horror, nobody’s especially surprised. The Conjuring 2’s climax is quickly resolved once the demon’s name is remembered. The fallen angel is banished, not so much back to Hell as to another sequel. Eternal life is, after all, a religious idea as well.
Posted in Just for Fun, Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts, Religious Origins, Sects
Tagged Amityville, Annabelle, Annabelle: Creation, Ed and Lorraine Warren, Enfield poltergeist, horror films, Sleepy Hollow, The Conjuring 2, The Lesser Key of Solomon, The Nun, Valak