It’s not like you need an excuse to read ghost stories in October. At least that’s what I hoped other passengers on the bus would think. Yesterday on my way into and out of New York City I read the next in the series of Ed and Lorraine Warren books, this one titled Graveyard, and written by Robert David Chase. Now, you need to realize that I’d heard of the Warrens long before The Conjuring came out. Those of us curious about ghosts to the point of reading at least semi-serious books on them know the brand. What I don’t know is how to find out much about what “the Warrens” actually wrote. These books are being (have been) republished by Graymalkin Media, after having originally been published by mainstream publishers. This one was originally released by St. Martin’s Press. Those of us in publishing believe that stands for something.
Loosely tied together around graveyard stories, featuring for half the book Union Cemetery near the Warrens’ Monroe, Connecticut home, the book ranges far and wide concerning ghosts. Here we meet a man or two who turned into demons—I wonder how that works?—and a good demon punishing an evil person. Some of these stories seem straight out of the high school scare-your-date playbook, while others are actually pretty scary. A mix of accounts by either Ed or Lorraine, and stories embellished, it seems, by Chase, this book is like a trick-or-treater’s Halloween bag—you never know what you’re going to get. It’s a little too bad because I’ve read some sober, and serious treatments of ghosts over the past several autumns, and with the Warrens’ vast experience, it’s a unfortunate that the accounts had been so dolled up.
It’s a shame that scholars of religion can’t be more forthright about their interest in the spiritual world. I know many that I won’t call out here that are secretly—some openly—exploring these kinds of questions. That won’t get you tenure anywhere (something the Ghostbusters reboot got right). Even in the world of science there are forbidden topics. That’s because, as this little book points out, spirits creak open the doors to all kinds of uncertainties. I suspect that’s a similar reason that scholars of religion are treated with a certain mistrust by other guilds within the academy. We need to play it straight and prove that we aren’t given to flights of fancy that might suggest something as unsophisticated as belief. Still, as Graveyard shows, ghost stories are extremely common. In fact, no October would be complete without them. So I hope the other passengers think.
Posted in Books, Higher Education, Memoirs, Monsters, Popular Culture, Posts
Tagged Ed and Lorraine Warren, Ghostbusters, ghosts, graveyard, Robert David Chase, The Conjuring
So my current book project involves addressing The Conjuring universe. A few weeks back I posted on The Nun, the newest member of that diegesis and one with no claim to be based on real events. Nevertheless, the film circles back at the end to “Frenchy” and his exorcism shown in the original movie. One of the frustrating aspects of Ed and Lorraine Warren ’s oeuvre is that documented sources are difficult to locate. When I found out Satan’s Harvest (by Michael Lasalandra and Mark Merenda, with Maurice and Nancy Theriault) was the “true story” behind Frenchy Theriault’s possession, well, let’s just say working on a book is a good excuse. Overly dramatized, and somewhat padded, this account may be the closest we can come to this particular demonic encounter.
I don’t pretend to be certain about many things, so I reserve judgment about what actually might’ve happened to Maurice Theriault. Unlike portrayed in The Nun’s storyline, he never lived in Romania. He was physically abused by his father and was made to participate in unwanted sexual acts. His was not an easy life. Still, when Lasalandra and Merenda try to explain the origin of possession they go back to the same source as the original movie—Salem. Credulously claiming that the Devil was behind what happened in 1692, they believe that demonic possession accounted for that unfortunate miscarriage of justice. It’s difficult to say if they considered that such speculation implies that the innocents killed there were actually witches. (They state that the Devil asks people to sign his book.)
Herein lies part of the problem with academics and the supernatural. Sensationalized claims don’t help since academics are all about being taken seriously. At the same time it’s clear that conventional explanations don’t always fit. Neither credulousness nor extreme skepticism will lead to solving such mysteries. This is why we need the monstrous. That which falls outside the parameters of what quotidian experience leads us to expect. Science can make everything fit only by leveling off the exceptional. Academics won’t risk exploration of the anomalous. This leaves the curious few means of finding out what happened beyond simple dismissal or overly gullible popularizing accounts. Satan’s Harvest contains information that calls out for explanation. Perhaps a hoax was involved, but that doesn’t add up when all the evidence is in. Beyond that, we’re left to guess. And some things it feels better to be sure about.
Posted in American Religion, Books, Higher Education, Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts, Science
Tagged Ed and Lorraine Warren, Maurice Theriault, Michael Lasalandra and Mark Merenda, Salem, Satan’s Harvest, The Conjuring, The Nun
Life is sweet when watching a horror movie counts as research. It’d be sweeter, of course, if a university paid for it, nevertheless, I went to see The Nun on its opening weekend. My wife gamely went with me (no sponsor was paying for this) on a rainy Saturday afternoon. Now, if you haven’t been following The Conjuring universe, you might not know about The Nun. The full story will be revealed in Nightmares with the Bible, which is coming along nicely. Suffice it to say it’s a movie about a haunted convent in Romania. Those who know the Dracula tradition will perk up at the mention of the location. The scenery is quite lovely in a horror genre kind of way. And it also has ties to The Conjuring diegesis that bring the story full circle.
Ghostly nuns, it turns out, can be scary. Religion, after all, involves coercion and threat as well as love and salvation. Sister Irene, the protagonist, is a novice nun sent on a mission to investigate said convent. The film reveals both an awareness of religious motivation and a seeming lack of research regarding monastic life. Sister Irene, for example, tells the students at her school that the Bible isn’t to be taken literally. It’s “God love letter to humanity.” Well, parts of it are. Still, the struggle with biblical literalism is a present-day issue that the movie addresses head on. It was difficult to believe, on the other hand, that even a novice would walk into a chapel where someone is praying and call out “Hello?”. Many years at Nashotah House taught me something.
Cloistered environments, although not part of most people’s experience, are great locations for horror. For example, the first night she spends in the monastery Irene is told that the great silence is observed until dawn. Did I mention that in chapel no one can hear you scream? There’s an element about that in actual cloistered life. The discipline of secrecy is heavy and full of threat. We spent a great many silent days at Nashotah House and the sense of violation as sin was heavy indeed. The part that truly stood out, however, was where the nuns used their only recourse against evil; they had to pray. In the world of action movies, striking out with whatever is at hand is the expected response. Spiritual entities, although the film does relent, can’t be touched except with spiritual threats. The praying nuns looked so helpless in the presence of a demon.
There were less than a dozen people in the theater. The Nun may not be a runaway hit. The devoted will see it, however, and some of us will include it in our working life as a kind of spiritual exercise.
You might go crazy trying to piece it all together. The buzz for The Conjuring had a spinoff prequel, Annabelle, in the making even as the movie hit theaters. Love it or hate it, horror makes money. A more traditional sequel, The Conjuring 2, is leading to two further spinoffs, The Nun and The Crooked Man. And this summer a prequel to the prequel, Annabelle: Creation, came out. Only Annabelle isn’t really so much a prequel since it doesn’t have to do with Ed and Lorraine Warren. In any case, I finally had a chance to watch Annabelle: Creation and found it one of the more stunning examples of the genre in a long while. Intelligent, intricate, and slotted into the series in ways that required serious thought, it works as a stand-alone film or as part of a series. And, like much horror, it is deeply invested in religion.
First of all, the orphans moving into the Mullins’ large home are from a Catholic orphanage that has been closed. They are overseen by Sister Charlotte, so we expect religion to interdigitate with the horror here. Confession of sins, prayer, and crucifixes appear amid the unfolding lives of the girls in an isolated house inhabited by a demon. Some of the tricks we’ve seen before, but there’s enough new here to reinforce the thesis that religion and fear are close kin. Despite all this, and having a priest on call, no exorcism takes place. The doll, Father Massey declares, is just a doll. After the house has been blessed, there’s no need to fear. Of course we’ve already seen what comes next so we know the priest is wrong.
Some people watch horror to be scared. Others of us watch it looking for something a bit deeper. Not for everyone is religion a source of fear. We do, however, tend to cling to our beliefs because the world is such an uncertain place. We’re aware that we won’t last forever. Horror exploits that openly and without shame. Threats are constant and unrelenting, even if contrived. Religion is often a place to find consolation in the face of fear, so it becomes even more frightening when the place to which you’ve fled is the very place that’s out to get you. Annabelle: Creation is aware of this dynamic. The crucifixes, the Bibles, the prayers—none of this helps. What’s more, the girls manage to pull themselves together for safety when there are no men around. The real danger, after all, is inhuman.
Posted in Current Events, Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts
Tagged Annabelle, Annabelle: Creation, demons, Ed and Lorraine Warren, horror movies, The Conjuring, The Conjuring 2, The Crooked Man, The Nun
Although it hasn’t always been this way, one of the most characteristic aspects of the modern horror film is the sequel. Some franchises spin into countless sequels and remakes, until their iconic anti-heroes become household names. The Conjuring diegesis participates in this somewhat, but instead of having a repeat fiend, it’s a theme that comes up time and again, tied together by the work of Ed and Lorraine Warren. I’ve written about The Conjuring before, as well as The Conjuring 2. Prior to the sequel there was a prequel of sorts—more properly a spinoff—Annabelle. Not attaining the critical regard as its originator, Annabelle nonetheless did quite well at the box office, as horror movies often do. The idea behind the movie was to give some backstory to the doll that appeared in The Conjuring.
According to the Warrens, there really is such a haunted doll. Technically it’s not haunted. They call it a conduit through which a demon seeks to entrap a human soul. This past summer a prequel to the prequel, Annabelle: Creation, received higher critical marks than its initial installment. All of this is to say that I had to see the original Annabelle in order to try to make sense of this whole series. Despite its failings, the movie once again shows the interlaced nature of horror and religion. It opens in a church and the priest, Fr. Perez, makes several appearances in the story as the Form couple struggles with the demon inside the doll. Pregnant and vulnerable, Mia Form is traumatized when two cult members invade and then die in her home. Annabelle Higgins, one the intruders, dies holding the doll, bleeding into it. She and her accomplice are satanists, trying to raise a demon for nefarious purposes. (I suppose those are the only kinds of purposes to raise a demon, actually.)
The plot takes various twists and turns, never veering far from the main conceit that the demon wants Mia’s soul. I won’t give any spoilers in case any readers are even further behind in their movie viewing than me. Suffice it to say, this is one of the most thoroughly religious horror films I’ve seen. The Conjuring 2 will pick up the story again with the Warrens and a demon disguised as a nun (and a sequel to both The Conjuring universe and the nun are in the works). Critics are certain religion is dying. If popular culture is any measure, that conclusion is far from certain. Sometimes it’s a bit preachy, but it’s there in horror. Even a possessed doll knows that.
Posted in Monsters, Movies, Popular Culture, Posts, Religious Violence
Tagged Annabelle, Annabelle: Creation, demons, Ed and Lorraine Warren, horror movies, The Conjuring, The Conjuring 2
One of the truly frustrating things for the honestly curious is a lack of good resources. Specifically here I’m talking about ghosts. More generally, about the supernatural. “Don’t worry,” laugh the reductionists, “there’s no such thing.” But some of us are seriously curious. Those who are willing to admit candidly the events of life will eventually confess to things they can’t explain. People have been seeing ghosts since at least the Stone Age, and yet finding a serious, non-dismissive approach to the topic can be annoyingly difficult. Curious about the background to the film The Conjuring, I wanted some kind of objective treatment to the Perron family haunting. One of the girls involved has written a three-volume treatment, but that will take some time to get through. So I turned to the investigators, Ed and Lorraine Warren.
The Warrens were (Lorraine is still alive) some of the world’s first ghost hunters. Self-taught and deeply religious, they referred to themselves as demonologists. Lay Catholics, they couldn’t perform exorcisms, but they could assist in them. Apart from the Perrons, they investigated Amityville, the haunted doll Annabelle, and the Snedeker house, and many other famous cases. A guilty pleasure read, Ghost Hunters, written by Robert David Chase, along with the Warrens, thumbs through several of the investigations. When all is read and done, however, people who claim to know better accuse the hauntings of hoaxing and since there is no arbiter, the curious are left with that unsatisfying state of “he said, she said,” but no real answers. Ghost Hunters contains a potpourri of cases, mostly of demonic possession. Nothing about the Perron family, though.
No doubt much of the hoopla around reality television ghost hunting is clever marketing and nothing more. Even the acclaimed Ghost Hunters were caught gaming the system a little on their Halloween specials. That doesn’t stop people from seeing ghosts, however. Some academics have attempted to address the issue and soon find themselves in untenured positions (so much for freedom of speech) or mocked by their more “serious” colleagues. What ever happened to old fashioned curiosity? Materialism isn’t the only show in town, is it? We need treatments of the subject that move beyond the anecdotal. It’s difficult to get a ghost into the machine, apparently. Science hasn’t figured out a way to study the immaterial yet. Until it does, those who want to know the truth will be left relying on those who make a living by addressing questions even empiricists fear to ask.
Posted in Books, Consciousness, Just for Fun, Monsters, Popular Culture, Posts
Tagged demonologists, Ed and Lorraine Warren, Ghost Hunters, materialism, Perron family, Robert David Chase, Roman Catholicism, The Conjuring