Genre is a useful category. It can be misused, however. Straightjacketing a piece of literature, music, or film can lead not only to confusion, but to constraining creativity itself. Nevertheless, the category of Folk Horror is certainly expansive enough for a book-length treatment, such as Adam Scovell has given it. Unless you’ve read quite a bit about the subject you might wonder what folk horror is. A good part of Scovell’s work is definitional—providing the reader to an answer to that very question. Although it has earlier roots, folk horror was initially a British genre that became particularly noticeable in the late sixties and early seventies. It comprised movies and television programs that dwell on specific aspects of the landscape—particularly the rural—and isolation within it.
What I find particularly compelling about folk horror is that it is often based on religion. In the countryside you encounter people who think differently about things. Believe differently. Their convictions are enforced upon the stranger who may be there by design or by accident. Ironically the genre largely emerged in a nation that prides itself for its role in civilized behavior. It speaks volumes about belief. Civilization has produced more refined strains of religion, but on its own religion will tend to grow wild, even as the weeds in your yard are distantly related to the cereal grains we cultivate. Examples of this are everywhere. Fans of horror can name them off, but even those who don’t care for the genre know the kinds of belief this indicates.
Not all folk horror is about religion, of course. It can be rural ways in general. No matter how you classify it, most people can identify Deliverance and the danger it implies about being far from civilization where those who live in the woods can do as they please. Scovell delves into the urban settings of folk horror as well—most of his examples are British—because it is possible to hide in the city also. Although the genre reached a high point in the 1970s, it didn’t die out. The book ends with consideration of some more modern examples, such as Robert Eggers’ The Witch. The problem, as those of us who write about film know, is that just because you’ve written a book it doesn’t mean future examples won’t change the picture. The Lighthouse and Midsommar were both released in 2019, after the book was published. And they demonstrate that the scary folk haven’t gone away.