What, exactly, is a god? Our viewpoint, which is largely based on the culture that grew out of the Bible, may not encompass all the possibilities. I remember reading, as a child, that God—the only true god, of course—was omniscience, omnipotent, and omnipresent. These three omnis sure impressed me as a kid. Since I read this in the back matter of a Bible I knew it had to be true. And since there was only one, all false gods weren’t gods at all. Divinity had to be defined in the same way as the biblical God. More advanced study over the years led to the realization that gods weren’t necessarily immortal, and that the Good Book itself didn’t present God as omniscient (he has to ask people things), omnipotent (he can’t make Israel be faithful), or omnipresent (just ask any Psalmist). So the question of definition arises.
There are cultures, it turns out, where people are gods. At least some form of divinity. Clearly we don’t create physical universes, but like the biblical God we’re larger and more powerful than some other creatures, and we often impose our will upon them. Some people believe themselves to be deities. Others suggest we have a spark of divinity in ourselves and that each person participates in the divine. The fact is we have no way to measure this is a laboratory. Defining deity is a matter that must be left to “theologians,” but that won’t prevent the average lay person from deciding for her or himself. Nobody really reserves the right to decide definitively when it comes to gods.
Many cultures have included people, often in leadership roles, who were declared gods either during or after their earthly lives. Who’s to say they’re wrong? Science is no help here as the supernatural is outside its current remit. It can only measure empirically. The intangible is a whole other universe. Deciding what a deity actually is may be an impossibility. Those of us reared in monotheistic traditions suppose that a single, personal, divinity stands behind all of this. Notwithstanding Xenophanes’ horses, our gods tend to be human at least in form. In collegiate discussions, one conservative roommate would clap his hands over his ears if we began talking about God in non-anthropomorphic terms. One of my friends likened God to a “cosmic aerosol” (this really sent my roommate over the edge). What do we really know about gods? Without a scientific method to help, it remains an open question.